Any business that stores parts, equipment, or goods, will require some form of pallet racking. However, there are many types of pallet racking, which can be confusing when deciding on which type you need.
Here we look at the different types of pallet racking, how they enhance storage capacity, which setting and task they are best suited to, and where they should not be used. There are six main types of pallet racking, and we take a look at each of these below:
Selective racking is the most common type of pallet racking system, and it supports First In First Out requirements. Besides providing access for counterbalance forklifts and reach trucks, hand-picking can take place on the lowest level.
You should choose selective pallet racking if you want free access to any pallet at any time. This system is ideal if you have a low number of pallets per SKU. However, they are not the best option if you have many SKUs and space is limited.
Push back racking supports First In Last Out requirements, with pallets pushed back on low-friction carts by forklifts. The system only accommodates pallets and can be configured for storing two to four pallets deep.
If your business has a high number of pallets per SKU, then push-back racking maximises storage density.
Drive-in racking allows forklifts and reach trucks to drive down each racking bay lane to pick up or deposit pallets. The system emulates block stacking with the racking supporting a height of six or seven pallets and a depth of ten to twelve pallets.
The drive-in racking solution works when you do not wish to mix SKUs in each bay and when high-density picking is desired.
Double deep racking supports First In Last Out with pallets supported on guide rails at upper levels and beams on the lower levels. Loading and unloading occur with a counterbalanced forklift or with a reach truck, with a camera supporting the operator. You can achieve excellent density levels, and the system works well with order picking machines.
Narrow aisle racking brings aisle widths down from around four metres to approximately two. The racking is serviced by turret trucks, taking and delivering pallets to a pick and deposit station at the end of each racking bay. A turret truck or order picking machine can work in the aisle, but not simultaneously.
Narrow aisle racking is ideal when you have a high number of SKUs with relatively low quantities of each SKU. The system maximises efficiency when high volumes of goods are moving in and out of the system.
Mobile racking supports high-density storage with the racking moving on wheels, allowing access to one aisle at a time. The mobile racks are ideal for cold storage, where their density helps keep cooling and energy costs down.
To discuss your pallet racking requirements, please contact our team of experienced designers and installers.